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Flight School

Pilot Certificates & Ratings

Private Pilot Certificate

The private pilot certificate consists of a minimum of 40 hours of flight instruction.

Private Pilot

  • 17 years of age
  • Read, write, speak English
  • Student Pilot Certificate
  • Third Class Medical
  • 35 hours total time
  • 20 hours of training from a certified flight instructor
  • 3 hours of cross-country flight training in a single-engine airplane
  • 3 hours night flying including:
    • 1 cross-country over 100 nautical miles total distance
    • 10 takeoffs and 10 landings to a full stop (with each landing involving a flight in the traffic pattern) at an airport.
  • 3 hours flight solely by reference to instruments while wearing a view-limiting device.
  • 3 hours training in preparation for the practical test within 60 days preceding the practical test.
  • 5 hours of solo flight time including:
    • At least one cross-country over 100 nautical miles total distance with at least 3 takeoff and landing points, and one segment at least 50 nautical miles straight-line distance.
    • 3 takeoffs and landings at an airport with an operating control tower
  • The remaining 10 hours will be based on the student’s needs

Instrument Rating

  • 17 Years of age
  • Read, write, speak English
  • Private Pilot Certificate
  • Third class medical
  • 70% or higher on the applicable FAA knowledge test
  • 50 Hours of cross-country PIC flight time. At least 10 of these hours mist be in airplanes for an instrument-airplane rating.
  • 40 hours of actual or simulated instrument time
  • 15 hours of instrument flight training from an authorized instructor in the aircraft category for the instrument rating sought.

For instrument-airplane rating, instrument training on cross-country flight procedures that includes at least one cross-country flight in an airplane that is performed under instrument flight rules. This flight must consist of:

  • A distance of at least 250nm along airways or ATC-directed routing
  • An instrument approach at each airport
  • Three different kinds of approaches with the use of navigation systems (Example: ILS, VOR, GPS, LOC, etc.)
  • At least 3 hours of instrument training that is appropriate to the instrument rating sought from an authorized instructor in preparation for the check ride within two calendar months before the examination date.

Commercial Pilot (Single and Multi-Engine)

  • 18 years of age
  • Read, write, speak English
  • Private Pilot certificate
  • Third class medical
  • 70% or higher on applicable FAA knowledge test
  • Hold an instrument rating **A commercial pilot is PRESUMED to have an instrument rating. If not, his/her commercial pilot certificate will be endorsed with a prohibition against carrying passengers for hire on day VFR flights beyond 50nm or at night.**
  • 250 hours total time or 50 hours in an approved flight simulator/training device that is representative of the single-engine or multi-engine airplane (as appropriate)
  • 100 hours PIC time (50hrs in airplanes, 50hrs cross country flight time with at least 10 hours in airplanes)
  • 20 hours of training which include:
    • 10 hours of instrument training of which at least 5 hours must be in a single-engine or multi-engine as appropriate
    • 10 hours of training in an airplane that has retractable landing gear, flaps, and a controllable-pitch propeller, or that is turbine powered.
    • One cross-country flight at least 2 hours in a single-engine or multi-engine airplane (as appropriate) in day-VFR condition, consisting of a total straight-line distance of more than 100nm from the original part of departure
    • One cross-country flight at least 2 hours in a single-engine or multi-engine (as appropriate) in night-VFR condition, consisting of a total straight-line distance of more than 100nm from the original point of departure.
    • 3 hours in a single-engine or multi-engine airplane (as appropriate) in preparation for the practical test within the 60 days preceding the test.
    • 10 hours of solo flight (sole occupant of the airplane) in a single-engine airplane, or 10 hours of flight time performing the duties of PIC in a multi-engine airplane with an authorized instructor.
    • One cross-country flight of not less than 300nm total distance with landings at a minimum of three points, one of which is a straight-line distance of at least 250nm from the original departure point.
    • 5 hours in night-VFR conditions with 10 takeoffs and landings (with each landing involving a flight in the traffic pattern) at an airport with an operating control tower.

Flight Instructor (CFI; CFII; MEI)

  • 18 years of age
  • Read, write, speak English
  • Commercial Certificate or ATP
  • Third class medical
  • 70% or higher on the FAA FOI Knowledge Test, unless you have a teacher’s certificate issued by the state, country, city or municipality that authorizes the person to teach at an educational level of the 7th grade or higher; or employed as a teacher at an unaccredited college or university.
  • 70% or higher on the FAA FIA Knowledge Test
  • Log at least 15 hours as pilot in command in the category and class of aircraft that is appropriate to the flight instructor rating sought
  • Receive a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor indicating that the applicant is competent and possesses instructional proficiency in stall awareness, spin entry, spins, and spin recovery procedures after providing the applicant with flight training in those training areas in an airplane or glider, as appropriate, that is certificated for spins.
    • Log at least 15 hours as pilot in command in the category and class of aircraft that is appropriate to the flight instructor rating sought.

Airline Transport Pilot